HEALTH AND SAFETY

The Health and Safety at Work Management System implemented by Telecom Italia ensures that the Company complies in full with national legislation and agreements reached with trade unions; it also establishes numerous initiatives aimed at ensuring increasing safety for workers.

[G4-LA5] In Italy, the reference legislation is the Consolidated Law on Health and Safety at Work, which, amongst other aspects, specifically requires participation and consultation on the matter with the workers’ representatives. The regulation requires the workers’ safety representative to be elected or designated by the workers from the trade unions present in the company.  [G4-LA8], [G4-LA5] The number and method of designation or election of workers’ safety representatives, together with the salaried working hours and the tools used to fulfil duties, are established during collective bargaining. The legislation is applied throughout Italy and, in particular, as concerns Telecom Italia S.p.A., Health and Safety Committees have been established. According to the agreements stipulated with the trade union organisations, these Committees play a participatory and collaborative role aimed at guaranteeing joint analyses and discussion by the company party and the union party of all matters relating to health and safety at work, on a national and territorial level. To this end, the agreement establishing the Committees states that both the Joint National Health and Safety Committee (CPSSN) and each of the four Joint Territorial Health and Safety Committees (CPSSTs) shall number three members appointed by the Company and three members appointed by the trade unions signing the agreement. Apart from the specific duties assigned by the agreement to the Committees, the CPSSN has the task of coordinating and instructing the CPSSTs, which, in turn, act as an interface with, and support, the workers’ representatives.

[G4-LA7] In Telecom Italia S.p.A., working activities have been classified as low and medium risk, in line with the definitions provided by the reference legislation, in accordance with the ATECO classification of the National Statistics Institute. There are no high-risk activities present in the company. No significant numbers of cases have been recorded for any occupational disease. Nor indeed are there any high-risk activities carried out in the other Group associates.

[G4-DMA Occupational Health and Safety] During the first half of 2015, action regarding health and safety at work was mainly concerned with particular areas of assessment and preventive actions concerning specific professionals in the company’s organisation. Constant monitoring in this area led to the release in May 2015 of a new version of the Risk Assessment Document, which reflects the changes made in the previous period.

With regard to risk assessment, particular attention was paid to work-related stress; in February 2015, the third preliminary assessment was completed, conducted in accordance with the INAIL1 method on the 16 uniform groups of workers into which the company’s people were split. The outcome of the risk assessment was that work-related stress was found to be “insignificant”.

The path undertaken was appreciated by sector experts and institutions on a national and international level. Telecom Italia has been one of the partner companies of the 2014-2015 “Healthy Workplaces Manage Stress” campaign promoted by the European Agency for Health and Safety at Work. The partnership meant becoming part of a network of businesses that have made available and pooled their experiences and projects thereby helping to create greater awareness of the topic. The campaign officially ended in November 2015.

A noteworthy project , in the context of instrumental measurements relating to the environment and safety at work, involves the purchase of 4 new mobile units allocated to local offices to ensure more detailed specialised support for the company’s technical departments, creating local and central roving laboratories to make interventions by the HSE department more effective, and to promote Telecom Italia’s focus on prevention and protecting the safety of its personnel and the community by participating in exhibitions as well as cultural and information events.

The Company continued its safety training for all company staff with different programmes based on the risks to which workers are exposed.

Also launched, as they are every year, were the safe driving courses for staff who use company cars.

With a view to promoting the safety culture in all contexts, even the most operative ones, encouraging debate and collecting suggestions for improvement, 46 meetings were held in 2015, called “Safety Moments” where technical experts and managers, in the presence of the Health, Safety and Enviroment department, addressed topics such as accidents, health monitoring, equipment and PPE2; the discussion provided some helpful insights which will lead to the definition of improvement actions over the course of 2016.

The benchmarking activities promoted by Telecom Italia with the involvement of the main companies of the Italian networks (Enel, Poste Italiane, Ferrovie dello Stato, Terna, Anas, Snam, Autostrade per l’Italia, Vodafone, etc.) continued, with regular meetings to discuss matters of health and safety and workshops, organised on a rotation basis by each company, with the participation of sector experts and institutional entities. The meetings and workshops aim to share the best practices adopted by the companies adhering to the working party and identify shared solutions to problems common to the networked companies.

As part of the actions promoted by INAIL and by the ELIS consortium3, aimed at carrying out practical actions to encourage the dissemination of a security in the workplace culture, Telecom Italia was an active participant at the working discussions that saw two guidelines issued on managing the risk of road traffic accidents with the aim of creating a useful tool for assessing the risks and identifying the necessary prevention and protection measures. The same discussions also identified the guidelines and procedural requirements for managing the supply chain with particular reference to the selection methods, inclusion in registers, as well as the monitoring and evaluation of performances.

With regard to activities intended to raise awareness of health and safety issues in the supply chain as well, periodic audits of the main suppliers continued. In 2015, audits were conducted of all the fixed Network companies, the results of which contribute to determining the vendor rating. Audits were also conducted on major companies operating nationwide in the field of infrastructure maintenance, some mobile Network companies and a sample of additional suppliers of materials and products.

In 2015 two technical meetings were organised involving all the fixed Network companies to discuss specific aspects of safety associated with contracted activities.

Accidents and occupational diseases

Accidents

 31.12.201531.12.201431.12.2013
Number of accidents (excluding travel) 554 566 538
Severity index(*) 0.21 0.34 0.21
Frequency rate(*) 8.31 8.96 8.34
Average duration in hours 139.93 131.62 132.83
Unproductivity index(*) 1.42 1.39 1.40
Accidents per 100 workers 1.27 1.30 1.23

(*)The severity, frequency and unproductivity indexes are respectively:

  • the number of conventional working days lost due to accident per thousand hours worked
  • the number of accidents per million hours worked
  • the number of hours lost due to accidents per thousand hours worked

For Telecom Italia S.p.A., statistical analysis shows a slight reduction in the number of incidents at work that took place in 2015.

Further examination of the indicators reveals that:

  • the reduction in the number of incidents and the increase in the hours worked have had a positive effect on the reduction of the frequency indicator and on the ratio of incidents out of 100 workers. The severity indicator also records a downturn on the previous year;
  • against the reduction in the number of cases, an increase is recorded of an average event duration in hours.

Details on accidents, occupational diseases and absences required by standard GRI-G4 are given in the appendix to this chapter.

The main types of injuries recorded were, in decreasing order: falls, road accidents, sprains, pulled muscles, handling of materials, impacts and other minor types.

In the period 2013-2015, one death occurred (in 2014, a man) as a result of a road accident during working hours.

As regards occupational diseases, the reports made to INAIL during the year of reference and processed for acknowledgement, were considered.

In 2015, the occupational diseases reported by workers concerned pathologies relating to the respiratory, musculoskeletal and hearing/voice systems and psychological/psychosomatic illness.

[G4-LA6b] In the only part of the Company where the core business is partly performed by suppliers’ employees (IT Telecom), no accidents or occupational diseases have been reported.

[G4-LA6c] Telecom Italia has a procedure in place describing the rules and requirements of each subject in the “genesis” process, the management and closure of reports of incidents at work and/or while travelling involving workers for which companies are required to pay an INAIL [Italian national institute for insurance covering accidents at work] premium. The procedure establishes that when an injury occurs, the worker shall send an injury certificate to his manager and to the HR management. The latter shall then submit a report of the injury to INAIL, which, after suitable checks, shall either confirm or reject the injury. If the injury is not recognised, the days for which the worker is absent will automatically become days of absence for ordinary sickness.  

In Brazil

[G4-DMA Occupational Health and Safety] At TIM Brasil, all newly hired employees receive training on health and safety in the Company. Controls are also regularly run to identify the risks and related control measures, the results of which are given in the document entitled “Environmental Risk Prevention Programme”. This document, which is prepared for each TIM site, is updated once a year, as established by the law.

Each year, the Internal Accident Prevention Week is held, during which employees are informed on the risks relating to the workplace and the related control measures.

[G4-LA5] TIM Brasil sites with more than 50 employees set up internal committees for the prevention of accidents at work (Cipas). There are 11 of these committees across the country. These committees are made up of employees, 50% of whom are elected by employees in roles of responsibility and the remaining 50% by employees without roles of responsibility. In company sites with fewer than 50 employees, one employee is specifically trained to follow these activities.

In TIM Brasil 27 people are involved in prevention activities.

[G4-LA8] As a rule, in Brazil the collective agreements establish that information shall also be given on the prevention of accidents and occupational diseases, and TIM Brasil adopts this practice.

1 Italian national institute for insurance covering accidents at work.

2 Personal Protective Equipment.

3 Education, Work, Training and Sport.